Some Great "Cheat Sheets" For My Reference & Yours Too!

Useful Japanese

Some Useful Japanese - Vocabulary link!

Japanese  English Equivalent
amari kowakunai n desu Not very scary
the amari means *very* and is used with negative sentences. The n just before desu is often used when explaining something
Tokui Forte, specialization
Matane See you again soon!
Otomodaichi Best Friend
otomodati ni naritai des - become best friends
Naritai Become
Sumimasen, nanji des ka? Excuse me, what time is it?
New York was ima janji des ka? What time is it in New York now?
Nanimo arimasenga, dozo meshiagatte kudasai It's nothing really, but please help yourselves (A host tries as much as possible to entertain his guests, while the guests try to remain as reserved and polite as they can.)
Mokari makka? Do you get much money?
Ma bochi bochi So-so
Dochirae? Where are you going?
Chotto soko made Just over there
Honno tsumaranai monodesuga... This is only a little something, but...  (when giving a gift, politeness)
fuyuki todoki no ten sorry that the service has been so poor
nanimo okamai dekinai koto excusing our poor hospitality
kata no ni troubles are called this - load of the shoulder - A monkey on your back :)
Omamori Lucky Charm
Sei Family Name
Na First Name
Sensei Teacher
Gochisosama Old men often call their wives "Gusai" (foolish wife), or speak about them in a very humble way. When a married couple praise each other in front of a third person, it is a way of expressing their affection. When they do this, people around them feel sweet and say "Gochisosama" (Good taste), as if they ate a delicious dish.
Sumimasen Excuse me, I'm sorry
Issho ni kuro shite kuremasen ka Won't you please share the difficulties of life with me? Instead of saying "Love" or "Ai"
sempai Senior
Kohai Junior
difference between "ja mata ne," "ja," and "mata ne"? ja is short for "de wa" which is basically an interjection like "Well..."
mata means "again"; in this usage, something like "we'll meet again" is implied
ne is an interjection spoken when you expect the listener to agree with you, sort of like "right?" or "OK?"
narimasho' act your age
nakayoku suru to get along
Nakama Friends
Mainichi every day / daily
chunen middle aged
a ri ga to u
Thank you

Useful in Letters:

Japanese  English Equivalent
Haikei - Keigu The most common pair used in formal letters. Women sometimes use "Kashiko" as a closing word instead of "Keigu."
Zenryaku - Sousou This pair is less formal. It is usually used when you don't have time to write a long letter, so
Ogenki de irasshaimasu ka.
(very formal)

Ogenki desu ka.

Have you been doing well?
Ikaga osugoshi de 
irasshaimasu ka.

(very formal)

Ikaga osugoshi desu ka.

How have you been?
Okagesama de 
genki ni shite orimasu.

(very formal)
Fortunately I'm doing well.
Kazoku ichidou 
genki ni shite orimasu.
The whole family is doing well.
Otegami arigatou gozaimashita. Thank you for your letter.
Nagai aida 
gobusata shite orimashite
moushiwake gozaimasen.
(very formal)
I apologize for neglecting to write for such a long time.
Gobusata shite orimasu. I'm sorry I haven't written for a long time.
Gobusata shite orimasu ga, 
ogenki de irasshaimasu ka.
I'm sorry I haven't written for a long time, but have you been doing well?
Sukkari aki rashiku natte mairimashita ga, ikaga 
osugoshi de irasshaimasu ka.
It has become very autumn like; 
how have you been?
Samui hi ga tsuzuite orimasu ga,
ikaga osugoshi desu ka.
Cold days continue; 
how have you been?
Douka yoroshiku 
onegai itashimasu.
Kindly look after this matter for me.
~ ni yoroshiku otsutae kudasai. Please give my regards to ~.
Minasama ni douzo yoroshiku. Please give my regards to everyone.
Okarada o taisetsu ni. Please take care of yourself.
Douzo ogenki de. Take care of yourself.
Ohenji omachi shite orimasu. I look forward to hearing from
Ogenki desu ka? Watashi-tachi wa minna genki desu. Koko Seattle wa iyo-iyo aki ni natte, hi ga dandan dandan mijikaku natte ikimasu. Yoru samuku natte, soto he iku noni seetaa mo iru kurai desu. Kotoshi no fuyu wa samusou de, kaze wo hikanai you ni to, ki wo tsukete imasu. ... ... Are you in good health? We're all fine. Here in Seattle, fall has finally arrived, and the days continue to become shorter and shorter. At night it's now cold enough that one needs a sweater to go outside. This winter looks to be a cold one, and we're taking care to avoid catching cold. ... Etc, etc.
Hayashi-sensei ni kaite iru no wa ... ... The reason I'm writing you is that....
O-karada ni ki wo tsukete kudasai.
Jisetsu kara go-jiai kudasai.
Please take good care of yourself.
(These two are virtually identical in meaning.)
Keigu, (for men and women)
Sou-sou, (women only)
Kashiko, (women only)
Closing Salutations
Ai wo komete,

Anata no tomo

With love,

Your friend,

These are more western ways of saying your endings